By the early twenty-first century, a phenomenon that once was inconceivable had become nearly commonplace in American society: the American public spiritual teacher who does not belong to, or at least, is not authorized by a major religious tradition. From Eckhart Tolle and Andrew Cohen to figures like Gangaji and Adhyashanti, there are now countless such spiritual teachers—both male and female—that claim and teach variants of instant or immediate enlightenment.
American Gurus tells the story of how this phenomenon of religious immediatism emerged, especially in American religion. This pheno This phenomenon has many precedents and a long history. From Ralph Waldo Emerson and Walt Whitman through the twentieth century, the Beat movement, the psychedelic revolution, Timothy Leary, the influence of Hindu gurus to the New Age movement, Versluis tells the enthralling saga of how contemporary American immediatism came into being.
Sections: America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventeenth Century | Religion in Hence, a new Anglican Church in rural Goose Creek, South Carolina, was fitted out with an impressive Evangelicalism is difficult to date and to define.
FOR more than years, American Indians have struggled to retain and practice their native religions against efforts by the U. Now the official federal policy toward Indian tribes is to encourage self-determination, and Indian religious practices are protected by the American Indian Religious Freedom Act of Representatives of many Christian denominations joined together recently to issue a formal apology to American Indians for the role their churches had played in the historic campaign to suppress native religions.
Just when it was starting to look like American Indian spiritual practices were going to be safe from outside interference, a new and more insidious threat has emerged: the New Age movement. They have defended their right to use these ceremonies, saying the practices are a part of the earth and therefore available to everyone, a kind of New Age public-domain argument and furthermore, we are all brothers and sisters and are obligated to share our wisdom for the betterment of humanity.
But American Indians, and the non-Indians who respect us, are outraged at New Age exploitation of traditional ceremonies. A white woman I know recently entered an all-white Olympia-area residential facility for treatment of co-dependence, focusing on spouses of alcoholics, and was horrified when she and other residents were subjected to a number of New-Age ripoffs of Indian ceremonies. But when I objected, I was told my rigid beliefs were part of my problem.
Legitimate Native American spiritual leaders would never solicit money for such ceremonies. An annual gathering of traditional American Indian elders, along with a number of tribes, have publicly denounced Sun Bear for misusing Native American spiritual practices for profit. But he continues to be profiled in New Age magazines and featured as a speaker at profitable New Age gatherings such as the Harmonic Convergence of And none of Andrews’ admirers seem to wonder why two Cree women would want to pass on their spiritual practices to a white woman from Beverly Hills sporting blond ringlets and a salon tan.
It is not the way of American Indians to organize demonstrations, or to do anything to call attention to themselves publicly. So when they do protest, it is because they can no longer contain their outrage.
They are made up of a world-wide network of thousands of cooperating organizations. Many students of Bible prophecy have carefully watched the development of this movement, and feel that this may very well be that predicted entity from which the Antichrist will emerge. The Theosophical Society, as it was called, espoused the abolishment of Christianity, Judaism and Islam, promoting the unity of other world religions.
These teachings were very complete in their intent and goals. Step by step they plotted the coming new age with instructions for the institution of the necessary new world order. The Present New Age Movement.
American Gurus – From Transcendentalism to New Age Religion – Oxford Scholarship Online Print publication date: , Print ISBN
August 19, Or, for that matter, don’t expect to find easy seating next time mind-body guru Deepak Chopra gives a local lecture. Set against a year decline in traditional churchgoing, two very different popular religious movements are emerging in contemporary America – causing a mixture of curiosity and concern. Today, many of those turning to faith and spirituality are finding themselves part of either a sprawling evangelical movement, like Willow Creek, which routinely draws 15, worshipers on a weekend, or are locating themselves somewhere in the spectrum of a set of “new.
The movements underscore a shift in what many people today define as religion – and are drawing people for a variety of motives. Jeff Twane, a lanky baby boomer, was an “unbelieving Catholic” until a few years ago. Now, inside a packed auditorium in Framingham, Mass. Judith Reed stopped going to her Protestant church after exploring a variety of “new age” ideas.
She read H. I don’t think God exists in just one faith. Twain and Ms. Reed point up a dichotomy in contemporary culture: While Americans say in large numbers they believe in God, most mainline denominations have been experiencing a decline in membership for decades. Recent surveys show that 70 to 90 percent of Americans have some faith in God; 40 percent attend church or temples on a regular basis.
New Age is a term applied to a range of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices that grew rapidly in the Western world during the s. Precise scholarly definitions of the New Age differ in their emphasis, largely as a result of its highly eclectic structure. Although analytically often considered to be religious, those involved in it typically prefer the designation of spiritual or Mind, Body, Spirit and rarely use the term New Age themselves.
Many scholars of the subject refer to it as the New Age movement , although others contest this term and suggest that it is better seen as a milieu or zeitgeist. As a form of Western esotericism , the New Age drew heavily upon a number of older esoteric traditions, in particular, those that emerged from the occultist current that developed in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Such prominent occultist influences include the work of Emanuel Swedenborg and Franz Mesmer , as well as the ideas of Freemasonry , Spiritualism , New Thought , and Theosophy.
this concentration study New Religious Movements as organizational movements, and alternative movements from the mid-twentieth century forward (Western. Access the latest, most up-to-date COVID resources, policies, and news.
Recent studies of the evolution of religion have revealed the cognitive underpinnings of belief in supernatural agents, the role of ritual in promoting cooperation, and the contribution of morally punishing high gods to the growth and stabilization of human society. The universality of religion across human society points to a deep evolutionary past. However, specific traits of nascent religiosity, and the sequence in which they emerged, have remained unknown.
Here we reconstruct the evolution of religious beliefs and behaviors in early modern humans using a global sample of hunter-gatherers and seven traits describing hunter-gatherer religiosity: animism, belief in an afterlife, shamanism, ancestor worship, high gods, and worship of ancestors or high gods who are active in human affairs.
We reconstruct ancestral character states using a time-calibrated supertree based on published phylogenetic trees and linguistic classification and then test for correlated evolution between the characters and for the direction of cultural change. Results indicate that the oldest trait of religion, present in the most recent common ancestor of present-day hunter-gatherers, was animism, in agreement with long-standing beliefs about the fundamental role of this trait.
Belief in an afterlife emerged, followed by shamanism and ancestor worship. Ancestor spirits or high gods who are active in human affairs were absent in early humans, suggesting a deep history for the egalitarian nature of hunter-gatherer societies.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Paganism today grew from the new outlooks of the Renaissance period and the Reformation s , through the revival of druidry and folk custom in Europe, the witchhunts of the 19th Century and explosion of interest in world religions in the sixties and seventies. Contemporary Paganism is the restoration of indigenous religion, especially that of ancient Europe.
Paganism has grown in popularity greatly during the last hundred years.
As people sour on the religious beliefs they grew up with, a new for this story with people ranging in age from 18 to their early 40s, a common theme 20 — a date set to coincide with the start of the new astrological year.
The article begins by examining the consensus view supporting the existence of a New Age movement. It provides three fieldwork sketches to help argue that these networks are made up of the practices, beliefs, and oral, face-to-face exchanges of numerous individual seekers, rather than a demarcatable movement. A model of seekership roles is constructed and applied to New Age networks.
The field thus comprises overlapping networks in time and space woven together by the crisscrossing trajectories, relationships, and exchanges of individual seekers. Thus, New Age is best understood not as a movement but as a diffuse collectivity: a cluster of seekers affiliated by choice—if at all—to a particular term in a wider culture of alternative spiritual practice. Keywords: New Age movement , alternative spiritualities , diffuse collectivity , seeker.
Steven J. Sutcliffe is Visiting Lecturer in the Department of Religious Studies at the University of Stirling, United Kingdom, where he was recently a research fellow in religion in contemporary Scotland. He is currently guest editing a collection of papers on New Age studies for a special issue of the journal Culture and Religion vol. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
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Reincarnation, auras, and energizing crystals — surely these are the stuff of fairy tales, nothing more. Drawing from a range of occult, pagan, and pseudo-scientific traditions, the New Age Movement is broad, diffuse, hard to nail down — and insidiously dangerous. Its belief in the “divinity of humanity,” its emphasis on “self-actualization,” and its looking forward to a coming utopian “new world” have tremendous appeal. But does it have the truth? Enter your mobile number or email address below and we’ll send you a link to download the free Kindle App.
Part 1 Characteristics and Origins of the New Age Movement. I Characteristics. II Origins Americans for the first time. The centenary of that date – – was.
The two prior entries to the Truth, Fiction, and the Popular Imagination blog series introduced us to some questions surrounding the year and began to explore some of the sources of confusion as to what it means, starting with Millenariansm. This week, we move on to the ideas of the New Age movement, who have played a major role in the enormous and growing popularity of as a cultural phenomenon.
As mentioned in the previous blog , it is common for us to experience a profound sense of unease from the enormous complexities and troubles that are part of today’s culture. The nature of our world economy and relative ease of high-speed modern travel has resulted in rapid technological change and an enormous increase in human migration that has diversified our societies particularly urbanized ones to a degree never seen before.
These changes have the potential to bring wide prosperity and a greater understanding between different peoples, but they have also created a great deal of anxiety through both fear and curiosity about such changes. This societal anxiety, coupled with near-instantaneous access to vast stores of information on a global scale via the internet, has helped fuel an increased prominence of ideas that utilize aspects of both science and spirituality outside the realms and disciplinary criteria of traditional theology and scholarship.
A diverse collection of authors and lecturers who propound such theories are often conflated under the term New Age , a philosophy that is oriented towards personal transcendence and spiritual transformation; powerful and tantalizing concepts in a world where a large percentage of people do not wish to participate in traditional organized religion yet yearn for the comfort and inner peace that is associated with faith-based belief systems Encyclopedia Britannica.
The New Age movement in America can be best understood as both a discourse community and a new social movement. As a discourse community, New Age denotes a group of people who embrace a shared core of social and religious values and speak about those values in a common language. As a new social movement, New Age denotes a loose grouping of individuals who have broken with the dominant capitalistic and Judeo-Christian ethos of late-twentieth-century America and who seek a new way of approaching personal spirituality, the natural order, gender, work, consumption, and the body.
Although the movement takes many different shapes and is continually changing, it is possible to delineate five features that distinguish it from other religious systems. The first of these is a generally optimistic view of humankind’s future.
New Age Religion and Western Culture. Release Date: November Hanegraaff finally shows how the modern New Age movement emerged from the.
Northwest Nazarene University John E. Riley’s Guide Dr. Riley’s guide to extreme awesomeness and success. Religious faith takes many forms. Throughout the centuries and around the globe, the human response to the divine has given rise to a large number of important religions. This encyclopedia provides an authoritative and comprehensive guide to the religions of the world and to the concepts, people and events that shaped them.
Encyclopedia of Religion by ed. But the record is not so one-sided.
Divining America. Native American Religion in Early America. The Legacy of Puritanism.
The New Age movement is one of many religions and belief systems in the world today. Here’s the problem—all religions and non-Christian belief systems teach.
The New Age Movement is not a single organization. There are hundreds of groups and religious leaders in North America that could be described as New Age. New Age beliefs have been held by Eastern religions for thousands of years. The New Age Movement does not approach spirituality from a Christian perspective. Not every New Age group admits that its beliefs and practices are religious. Many depict their tenets as secular, scientific, or self-help philosophies.
If you haven’t run into it before, it would be hard to avoid it now. I knew him only through my guru, who taught that Jesus was a great spiritual master and who blended quotes from the New Testament with quotes from the Bhagavad-Gita to produce a spiritual foundation for people like me — too hip, too cool, too sophisticated to tie themselves to the narrow-minded thinking of Christianity. Oprah has stated that though she was raised as a Baptist, she no longer believes that Jesus is the only way to reach God.
It sounds so much more rational and compassionate, doesn’t it?
New Age movement, movement that spread through the occult and metaphysical religious communities in the s and ʾ80s. It looked forward to a “New Age”.
We appreciate your input as this list continues to grow. Note: Holidays listed below with a specific date occur on a fixed date each year. For those observances that change dates each year, a brief explanation of how the date is determined is included and the month s when the observance usually occurs is listed. Celebrated by some Buddhists on February 8th and by others on February 15th. Commemorates the birth, enlightenment Nirvana, and passing of Gautama Buddha.
The exact date varies according to the various lunar calendars used in different traditions. In Theravada countries following the Buddhist calendar, it falls on the full moon Uposatha day typically the 5th or 6th lunar month. In China it is the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar, coinciding with the first full moon of that month. The date varies from year to year in the Western Gregorian calendar but falls in April or May. Christian Includes holidays celebrated by all non-Orthodox Christians as well as holidays mainly celebrated by Roman Catholic and Protestant sects.